Koreans use 2 different sets of cardinal numbers, depending on the situation- native Korean numbers and sino(Chinese)-Korean numbers. There are cases where sino-Korean numbers are used, cases where native Korean numbers are used, and there are also some cases where sino-Korean numbers and native Korean numbers are used together.
– Sino-Korean numbers are used for price, phone number, bus number, date, minutes.
A: 이 가방이 얼마예요? : How much is this bag?
i ga-bang-i eal-ma-ye-yo
B: 칠만 원이에요. : It’s 70,000 won.
~원[won] : Korean won(KRW)
In contrast to English, the base for counting large numbers in Korean is 10,000(만), For example, 1,000,000(백만) is expressed as 100(백) ten thousand(만).
Native Korean numbers
– Korean numbers are used for hours, age.
A: 몇 살이에요? : How old are you?
B: 스물 세살이에요. : I am twenty-three years old.
su-mul se-sal i-e-yo
~살[sal] : counter for age